Volume 36, Issue 6 p. 408-414
Review Article

Phlorotannins from Ecklonia cava (Phaeophyceae): Biological activities and potential health benefits

Isuru Wijesekara

Isuru Wijesekara

Marine Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea

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Na Young Yoon

Na Young Yoon

Marine Bioprocess Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea

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Se-Kwon Kim

Corresponding Author

Se-Kwon Kim

Marine Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea

Marine Bioprocess Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea

Tel.: +82-51-629-7094; Fax: +82-51-629-7099

Marine Bioprocess Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737, Republic of KoreaSearch for more papers by this author
First published: 27 August 2010
Citations: 193

Abstract

The importance of bioactive derivatives as functional ingredients has been well recognized due to their valuable health beneficial effects. Therefore, isolation and characterization of novel functional ingredients with biological activities from seaweeds have gained much attention. Ecklonia cava Kjellman is an edible seaweed, which has been recognized as a rich source of bioactive derivatives mainly, phlorotannins. These phlorotannins exhibit various beneficial biological activities such as antioxidant, anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-human immunodeficiency virus, antihypertensive, matrix metalloproteinase enzyme inhibition, hyaluronidase enzyme inhibition, radioprotective, and antiallergic activities. This review focuses on biological activities of phlorotannins with potential health beneficial applications in functional foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmeceuticals. © 2010 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.